Before we discuss the operation and maintenance of ozone generators. Let’s understand what ozone is and how it works. Three oxygen atoms make up the molecule of ozone. In a reaction initiated by the following reaction mechanism, the ozone molecule is very unstable, has a short half-life, and eventually returns to its initial form.
Oxygen molecules are only modified by electric high voltage to receive an extra oxygen atom, giving rise to ozone molecules. This chemical reaction is a natural process. Ultraviolet rays (UV) from the sun are responsible for producing ozone, a well-known example. As well as during thunderstorms, water falls, and photochemical smog, which forms during summer, ozone is also formed during thunderstorms. The high voltages in thunderstorms cause ozone to form. During a thunderstorm, ozone is formed, producing a specific fresh scent.
The examples above immediately come to mind when one speaks of ozone. Ozone can be produced artificially and used for water purification, air sterilization and other needs. Moreover, UV-light or extremely high voltage can be used to create ozone in an artificial environment. In both cases, the oxygen molecule is decomposed. In the presence of oxygen molecules, these molecules can form ozone (O3).
The strongest oxidant known to science is ozone. Through oxidation, it has the capability to burn dissolved compounds. A molecule of ozone contains an extra oxygen radical, which rapidly binds to every component coming into contact with it. Due to the instability of ozone and its tendency to revert back to its original form (O2), this is the reason.
Xenon (ozone) can oxidize and disinfect both organic and inorganic substances, as well as microorganisms such as fungi, bacteria, and viruses. This will allow the oxygen radical to be liberated from the oxygen molecule and bind to other materials in order to form pure oxygen atoms (O2).
Applications of ozone
Ozone can be used for a wide array of purposes as a result of the mechanisms outlined above. Water purification and air disinfection are the main applications of ozone. Ozone is increasingly used in various industries.
Operation and maintenance
Electricity is consumed during the ozone generation process, so it is important to ensure that the system is performing at its best by optimizing its power. There should be no leaks around the ozone generator or in the connections.
To ensure that the appropriate subunits are not overheated, the operator must monitor the subunits regularly. It is therefore imperative that the operator checks for leaks frequently, as even a very small leak can raise ambient ozone levels above acceptable levels. The manufacturer of the ozone monitoring equipment should recommend methods and standards for ozone testing and calibration. Water decomposes more quickly than air in the presence of ozone since it has limited solubility. The ozone contactor needs to be well covered in order to maintain ozone reactivity, as well as to diffuse ozone effectively into the wastewater.
The gaseous form of ozone becomes explosive at 240 grams per cubic meter. Since gaseous ozone concentrations in most ozonation systems are typically below 50 to 200 g/m3, this is generally not a problem. When operating ozone gas systems, you must be extremely cautious because ozone in gaseous form will be hazardous for an extended period of time.
Before opening any of the systems or subsystems, it is necessary to purge the ozone generator, distribution, contact, off-gas, and ozone destroyer inlet piping. Although effort should be made to clear the ozone contactor, it is still possible for there to be oxygen deficiencies or trapped ozone gas during entry into this system. Operators should be familiar with all emergency operating procedures required in the event of a problem.
In the event of an emergency, operators should have access to all safety equipment. Among the most important O&M measures are:
- Gas feeds for the ozone generator must have a dew point of -60EC (-76F), or lower. Ozone can form corrosive condensates on the inside of the ozonator if the supply gas is moist. Nitrogen oxides (like nitric acid) may lower the power output of the generator.
- Keep the generator coolant flowing at the required rate (air, water, or other liquid).
- Follow the manufacturer’s recommendations for lubricating the compressor or blower.
- Clean the compressor seals if necessary.
- Observe the operating parameters of the ozone generator. Maintain an ozone generator that is regularly inspected and cleaned, and monitor the temperature of the ozone generator.
- To ensure the ozone gas reaches the wastewater in sufficient quantity, monitor the ozone gas feed and distribution system.
- Keep ozone levels below permissible safety limits
What about cost?
Depending on the manufacturer, the site, the plant capacity, and the purpose of particular ozone generator, the cost of ozone disinfection systems will vary. Comparatively to other disinfection techniques, ozone is generally more expensive. A large portion of an ozonation system’s overall cost is determined by operating and maintenance expenses. On top of operating costs associated with power consumption, supplies, repairs, and staffing, ozone disinfection also consumes a great deal of fuel. In addition, ozonation systems differ in price due to plant-specific limitations of effluent. Contact us today for a detailed cost estimate.
Ozongenerators is a professional manufacturer and supplier of ozone generators. The company has been engaged in the R&D, production and foreign trade of ozone generators for many years, so it has rich industry experience in both ozone generators and ozone applications. Ozongenerators strives to provide the most competitive ozone generators to our clients. The company has a production factory with its history over 30 years and advanced production lines and complete instruments and equipment. The components, wires and fasteners adopted in our products are all sourced from first-rate Chinese suppliers after long-period cooperation and selection. Through our self-owned production factory, the quality of the components and the production process can be effectively controlled, and the high quality and long-term stability of the products can be promised. This also helps to maintain the products’ price competitiveness.
At present, our products include Car & Home Air Ozonators, SPA & Home Water Ozonizers, Commercial Ozone Generators, Agricultural Ozone Machines, Industrial Ozone Generators, and Ozone Generator Spare Parts. We have continuously been making great effort to improve the quality of our products while enriching the variety. Today, whether for commercial, industrial, agricultural, car and SPA applications, we are capable of providing high quality ozone generators to satisfy the ozone application demands from different industries. In the future, we will continue to develop new ozone generator products according to market trends. In addition to our regular products, we also provide product customization service to meet the personalized and differentiated demands for products from our purchasers. Therefore, at Ozongenerators, no matter what our purchasers need in their orders, we will try our best to make it realized with our existing products and our product customization service. We take product quality and customer service as the foundation of our development. In recent years, our products have been well received by purchasers from Europe and USA for their excellent performances and reliability.
If you are purchasing ozone generators or other related products, please visit Ozongenerators.com. Based on your needs, we will provide you with the most appropriate and cost-effective product solution. We believe that our products can better help your future product sales. You can contact our Customer Service for more information. We are looking forward to establishing a cooperative relationship with you and becoming your product supplier.